Foundation Phase


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GRADES 1 – 3 (7 – 9 YEARS OLD)


  • Develop basic language, reading and writing skills.
  • Ensure reading comprehension and subject mastery as students advance.
  • Build confidence and capability in the use of English, written and spoken.
  • Encourage development of research and observational skills.
  • Concentrate on vocabulary development and improvement.
  • Instruct in the value of dictionary usage.
  • Enhance the spiritual and intellectual development of students.
  • Develop higher thinking skills.

Optimal language skills

The English curriculum develops optimal language skills through its balanced scope and sequence. Each level moves learners step by step, continually building on traditional grammar and usage concepts. Ongoing review and testing provide regular evaluation of learners’ progress in thinking, reading and writing skills. Each unit integrates Biblical and character-building principles.

Grade 1

The English PACEs match what is learned phonetically in the Word Building PACEs.

Grade 2

All the phonics are reviewed. Vowels are identified. Learners learn to identify, read and write different types of sentences such as telling, asking and exclamatory sentences. They learn when to use capitals and the correct end punctuation for the different types of sentences, and when and how to use quotation marks and apostrophes. Compound words, similarities and opposites are learned. They can read and write the days of the week, months and dates. They learn to recognise and write abbreviations. Other parts of speech are also introduced such as prepositions, verbs and adjectives. They read paragraphs for comprehension. Rhyming words and poetry are introduced. They learn to write friendly letters. Homonyms are introduced. Word Building continues to be
a part of learning the English language. Print handwriting is practised.

Grade 3

Phonics review continues. Review of vowels, consonants and the various forms of punctuation. The different types of sentences are expanded – imperative, interrogative and exclamatory. Further expansion of parts of speech such as nouns: common/proper; singular/plural; compound nouns. Other parts of speech are developed, viz. pronouns, adjectives, prepositions and types of verbs: acting, state of being. More antonyms, synonyms and homonyms are learned. Confusing words such to/two/too, is/are, was/were, has/have, and does/do, confusing pairs such as a/an, learn/teach, sit/set, let/leave, their/there, its/it’s and can/ may are identified. Learners read and write sentences and paragraphs and learn how to make notes, design a poster, and read and write dialogues.


In Grade 3 learners are taught how to write their letters according to the SA cursive writing fonts.