The foundation phase is the first phase of formal schooling in South Africa and is about developing a solid base of knowledge for children and helping them further themselves in the school environment and life. Foundation phase is all about the basics in educational knowledge. Remember that a child has never been exposed to these concepts. They need to learn them and learn how to apply them. They need to be assisted at home and school to build a strong foundational knowledge that will assist them through school and later lead them to become independent learners.